Traditional Board Games


Achi is a three-in-a-row game. It is played on a grid of three rows of three points. Players each have four pieces which are entered onto the board, in turn, one at a time. Once all the pieces are placed, they move from one point to an adjacent point. All the while players are trying to form rows of three along a marked line, for doing so wins them the game.

History of Achi

Achi appeared in one of the many games publications by R. C. Bell in the middle of the twentieth century. He reported that it was still played in Ghana at the time. Ghanese school children would mark the board out on the ground, and use sticks as pieces; one player's sticks would have the bark stripped off to distinguish them from the opponent.

Rules for Achi

Rules for Achi
1. Achi is played by two players, with four pieces each. It uses the same board as three men's morris, and pieces are placed on the points at which the lines connect.

2. The board starts empty, each player holding his four pieces in hand.

3. At first, each player in turn puts one piece on the board, at any vacant point.

4. Once all pieces are on the board, a player instead moves one of his pieces along a marked line to an adjacent empty point.

5. If a piece placed or moved as in rules 3 or 4 forms a row of three along a marked line (called a mill), the player who placed it so wins the game.


What happens when it is a players turn, but none of his or her pieces is adjacent to the vacant point?

I see three possibilities: the player (a) skips that turn, or (b) loses the game, or (c) move any other piece to that space. Is one of these the normal way the game is played? If so, which?

Kirk Mathews - 04:13, 07/12/2020

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